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The Computer Dictionary

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1080p - (Also Known as 'Full HD') The number is a measurement of the number of pixels (dots) that are available on your TV or Device, The higher the number of pixels the better the quality of picture/image you will get. Full HD TV will have 1920 pixels going across the screen and 1080 pixels going down the screen.

720p - (Also known as 'HD Ready') See '1080p' for description.  A HD Ready TV will have 1280 pixels going across the screen and 720 pixels going down the screen.

 

A.

Android - Name of the Operating System made for tablets and smartphones by Google.

App(s) - Short for 'Application'. This is a Program or piece of Software made for a computer, mobile or tablet device.

 

B. 

Back Up - To make a copy or copies of your files and folders and store them on an external Hard Drive, Memory Stick or via a Cloud service.

Brick(ed) - This means that your Device has stopped working and needs to be fixed, making it as useful as a brick.

 

C.

Central Processing Unit (CPU) - The official name for the main box of your desktop computer.

Cloud Storage - A service that allows your files and folders to be backed up (Saved) to another safe location away from your Computer or device.

Control Panel - This is another term used for or has the same options as ‘Settings’.

Copy & Paste - This can be used to copy a selected part of Text or piece of Data (Picture, File or Folder) to another location within your computer.

Cut & Paste - Same as Copy & Paste, but without duplicating the selected files or piece of data.

 

D.

Database - A collection of information displayed for easy and organised reading.

Desktop - The main screen that your computer or device starts up too.

Default - Referred to as 'Default Setting', This is the first set of settings that a piece of software or computer reverts back to when it is reset.

Domain Name - The official name given to the address typed for searching specific web sites. (Example: www.technologycoach.co.uk)

Download(ing) - A term used when a file (Document, Software, Music or a Video) is being transferred from a website or server to your computer, mobile or tablet via the internet.

 

F.

Flash Drive - See 'Memory Stick'

 

G.

GigaByte (GB) - A measure of storage capacity for files and data (1024GB = 1TB)  (One full HD (High Definition) Movie size can be between 1GB & 8GB)

GigaHertz (GHz) - A type of unit used to measure the speed rate of processors.

Google - See 'Search Engine'

Graphics Card - A component used in a computer or laptop to display better images/video on the screen. Mainly used when playing a higher detailed game or editing high detailed videos on a computer.

 

H.

Hard Drive (HDD) - An internal or external device that uses a laser and spinning disc to store files and information for transport and back-up purposes on your computer or laptop.

Hardware - A name given to a physical item that can be used in or with computers (Example: Hard Drive or Printer)

High Definition (HD) - (Measured in either '720p HD Ready' or '1080p Full HD') Video or Film recorded in higher quality with more detail.

High Dynamic Range (HDR) - Used in newer TV's, Games Consoles and Camera's. This feature gives you more colours and higher definition to your picture quality.

Home Page - The first or main page of a website.

 

I.

Install - This term is used when a piece of hardware or software is being loaded on or into a computer.

iDevice Operating System (IOS) - Name given to the system that runs your iPad, iPhone or iPod.

Internet Service Provider (ISP) - The company that provides your broadband/internet (Example: BT, Sky, TalkTalk etc.)

 

J.

JavaScript - A program that helps run elements on a website or programmes on a computer.

 

K.

KiloByte (KB) - A measure of storage capacity for files and data (1024KB = 1MB)   (A Picture taken on a standard digital camera can be between 1MB & 5MB in file size)

 

M.

MacOS - Apple's name of their system that runs and operates their computers. (Example: MacOS 10.10 Yosemite)

MegaByte (MB) - A measure of storage capacity for files and data (1024MB = 1GB)   (A Picture taken on a standard digital camera can be between 1MB & 5MB per picture)

Memory (RAM) - (Measured in 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, & 32GB) This acts as temporary storage to help the Operating System and Software load and run effectively, the more Memory you have the better your computer, tablet or games console will preform.

Memory Stick - (Also known as: Flash Memory, Thumb Drive, Memory Stick or USB Stick) A small pocket sized device used to store files and information for transport or back-up purposes.

Monitor - Another name given to the TV that displays whats on the computer.

MP3 - A type of audio format that will enable playback on a digital music device.

 

N.

Netbook - A small, lightweight computer used mainly to access the internet or emails.

Notebook - A lightweight laptop computer that can be used in the same way as a home computer.

 

O.

Operating System (OS) -  Name given to the software that runs all computer devices.

 

P.

Power Bank - (Also Know as Portable Charger) This is portable battery pack for your devices that use a USB connection for charging.

Processor - The name given to the engine that runs computers, mobiles and tablet devices.

Programme(s) - See 'Software'

 

S.

Search Engine - A programme that searches keywords or phrases specified by the user in a database or on the internet.

Server - A central system that computers and websites communicate with to send and receive data.

Storage - Used in conjunction with Hard Drives, SSD's and Memory Stick's to store information.

Software - Name given to the programmes that you have or put on your computer.

Solid State Drive (SSD) - A digital device that used to store files and information for transport or back-up purposes on computers and digital devices.

 

T.

Tablet - Name of a portable touch screen device (Example: iPad, Kindle, Samsung Tab, Surface Pro, etc.).

Tower - See 'CPU'

TeraByte (TB) - A measure of storage capacity for files and data (1024GB = 1TB)

 

U.

Ultra HD (4K) - 4 times the number of pixels, picture quality and resolution of Full HD (1080p).

Updates - Pieces of information that is added to your current software or devices to help them run better.

USB - Connection on a computer used for multiple devices and items. (Example: Flash Drives, Hard Drives, Printers, iPads, Keyboards and many more).

 

W.

Windows (OS) - Microsoft's name of their system that runs and operates computers. (Example: Windows 10)

Window - Name given to the box that opens up on your computers screen and contains your files or displays a program

 

 

 

 

I will try and keep this updated as much as i can, if there is a word, phrase or term you would like me to add, then please get in contact and I will add it.